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Jenny Holzer

Jenny Holzer, <i>Living Series: You can make yourself enter</i>, 1981
cast bronze
6.14 x 10.24 inches (15.6 x 26 cm)
Jenny Holzer, Living Series: You can make yourself enter, 1981
cast bronze
6.14 x 10.24 inches (15.6 x 26 cm)
Jenny Holzer, <i>Truisms</i>, 1983
electronic LED sign: green diodes
5.25 x 54.56 x 3 inches (13.3 x 138.6 x 7.6 cm)
Jenny Holzer, Truisms, 1983
electronic LED sign: green diodes
5.25 x 54.56 x 3 inches (13.3 x 138.6 x 7.6 cm)
Jenny Holzer, <i>Living Series: Affluent college-bound students...</i>, 1989
bethel white granite
17 x 36 x 18 inches (43.2 x 91.4 x 45.7 cm)
Jenny Holzer, Living Series: Affluent college-bound students..., 1989
bethel white granite
17 x 36 x 18 inches (43.2 x 91.4 x 45.7 cm)
Jenny Holzer, <i>Living Series: In a paradisiac climate, everything</i>, 1981
enamel on metal 
21 x 23 inches (53.3 x 58.4 cm)
Jenny Holzer, Living Series: In a paradisiac climate, everything, 1981
enamel on metal
21 x 23 inches (53.3 x 58.4 cm)

Biography

Jenny Holzer
(Born 1950)

Jenny Holzer was born in Gallipolis, Ohio in 1950. She graduated from Ohio University in Athens in 1972. She established in New York in 1977, and began consolidating a particular style that focuses on language to challenge cultural, social, and artistic notions of our time. Holzer’s work has been created in a wide variety of mediums. She is mostly known for her large-scale public displays that include billboard advertisements, projections on buildings and other architectural structures, as well as illuminated electronic displays; but her controversial texts can also be found in small everyday objects such as posters and T-shirts. Holzer’s texts are usually grouped in series that address different topics that include–amongst others–pain, religion, politics, death and violence, and are used in a manner highly influenced by Conceptual art, but with a more personal component. In many cases, this personal element is reflected by Holzer’s choice of medium, such as her texts inscribed in park benches, lead plaques or sarcophagi.

Jenny Holzer has exhibited extensively throughout the United States and Europe. Recent solo exhibitions of her work have been held in institutions such as the Fondation Beyeler in Riehen/Basel and the Whitney Museum of American Art in New York in 2009, and the Museum of Contemporary Art in Chicago in 2008. She has also participated in exhibitions in major institutions such as the Stedelijk Museum, Den Bosch in The Nederlands, the National Gallery of Canada in Ottawa, and the Museum of Modern Art in New York; and her work is in multiple permanent installations in sites all over the world. Jenny Holzer was the first woman to represent the United States in the Venice Biennale in 1990 (she received the Golden Lion that year), and her work has been featured in multiple publications. Jenny Holzer lives and works in Hoosick Falls, New York.

SELECTED AWARDS AND FELLOWSHIPS
2011
Outstanding Contributions to the Arts Award, Americans for the Arts, Washington, D.C., and New York
American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Cambridge, Massachusetts
Medal of Distinction, Barnard College, New York, New York
2010
LA MOCA Award for Distinguished Women in the Arts, Los Angeles, California
2009
Honorary Doctorate of Fine Arts, Smith College, Northampton, Massachusetts
Honorary Doctorate of Fine Arts, Montserrat College of Art, Beverly, Massachusetts
2006
Urban Visionaries Award, The Cooper Union, New York
2005
Honorary Doctorate of Fine Arts, New School University, New York
2004
Public Art Network Award, Americans for the Arts, Washington, D.C., and New York
Resident in Visual Arts, American Academy Rome
2003
Honorary Doctorate of Fine Arts, Rhode Island School of Design, Providence, Rhode Island
2002
Kaiserring, City of Goslar, Germany
Chevalier de L’Ordre des Arts et des Lettres, La Ministère de la Culture et de la Communication, France
1996
Crystal Award, World Economic Forum, Geneva
1994
Honorary Doctorate of Arts, Ohio University, Athens, Ohio
Skowhegan Medal for Installation, Skowhegan School of Painting and Sculpture, Skowhegan, Maine
1990
Leone d’Oro, XLIV Biennale di Venezia, Venice, Italy


SELECTED PERMANENT EXHIBITIONS
2011
715 molecules, Williams College, Williamstown, Massachusetts

2009
VEGAS, MGM Mirage City Center, Las Vegas, Nevada

2007
For SAAM, Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington, D.C.
For MCASD, Museum of Contemporary Art, San Diego, California

2006
For Novartis, Novartis Pharma AG, Basel, Switzerland
For 7 World Trade, 7 World Trade Center, New York

2005
For Karlstad, Stora torget, Karlstad, Sweden

2003
125 YEARS, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia
Installation for Nantes Courthouse, Palais de Justice de Nantes, Nantes, France

2002
Installation for Telenor, Telenor Headquarters, Fornebu, Norway
Installation for Neue Nationalgalerie, New National Gallery, Berlin, Germany

2001
Garden Bench, The Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Venice, Italy

1999
Blacklist, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California
Goerdeler Monument, City of Leipzig, Germany
Installation for Reichstag, Bundestag, Berlin, Germany
Installation for the Sacramento U.S. Courthouse, United States Federal Courthouse, Sacramento, California

1997
Installation for the Guggenheim Museum Bilbao, Museo Guggenheim Bilbao, Spain
Oskar Maria Graf Memorial, Literaturhaus München, Munich, Germany
Ceiling Snake, Hamburger Kunsthalle, Hamburg, Germany

1995
Erlauf Peace Monument, Town of Erlauf, Austria

1994
Black Garden, Städtische Galerie, Nordhorn, Germany

1991
Installation for the Foster Gallery, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Massachusetts
Installation for Aachen, Ludwig Forum für Internationale Kunst, Aachen, Germany

SELECTED SOLO EXHIBITIONS
2013
“Light Stream”, Pearl Lam Galleries, Hong Kong, China

2012
"The Future Please," L&M, Los Angeles, California
Endgame, Skarstedt Gallery, New York

2011
Kukje Gallery, Seoul, Korea
Art Stations Foundation, Poznan, accompanied by light projections in Poznan, Poland
"Jenny Holzer: Retro," Skarstedt Gallery, New York

2010
"Top Secret," Galerie Yvon Lambert, Paris, France
DHC/ART Foundation for Contemporary Art, Montreal, Canada
"Artist Rooms: Jenny Holzer," Talbot Rice Gallery, Edinburgh, Scotland
"Protect Protect," Baltic Centre for Contemporary Art, Gateshead, United Kingdom

2009
Fondation Beyeler, Basel, accompanied by light projections in Basel, Zurich, and Baselland, Switzerland
"Protect Protect," Whitney Museum of American Art, New York
"Protect Protect," Museum of Contemporary Art, accompanied by light projections in Chicago, Chicago, Illinois

2008
"Like Truth," Diehl + Gallery One, Moscow, Russia
"Detained", Monika Sprüth Philomene Magers, London, United Kingdom
"Projections," The Massachusetts Museum of Contemporary Art, North Adams, Massachusetts

2007
"Highly Sensitive," Monika Sprüth Philomene Magers, Cologne, Germany
"Secret," Monika Sprüth Philomene Magers, Munich, Germany
"Nothing Follows," Galerie Yvon Lambert, Paris, France

2006
"XX. Mak," Vienna, accompanied by light projections in Vienna, Austria
"Jenny Holzer: Archive," Cheim & Read, New York
"Night Feed," Galerie Yvon Lambert, New York

2005
Kukje Gallery, Seoul, Korea
"Hot Pink (with Lady Pink)," Monika Sprüth Philomene Magers, Munich, Germany

2004
J"enny Holzer (with poetry by Henri Cole)," Galerie Yvon Lambert, Paris, France
"Truth Before Power," Kunsthaus Bregenz, Bregenz, accompanied by light projections in Vorarlberg, Austria

2003
Mönchehaus Museum, Goslar, accompanied by light projections in Goslar, Germany

2002
"Protect Me From What I Want: The Multiples and Editioned Works of Jenny Holzer," Printed Matter, Inc., New York
“Oh,” Monika Sprüth Philomene Magers, Munich, Germany

2001
Cheim & Read, New York
Festival d’Automne à Paris, Chapelle Saint-Louis de la Salpêtrière, accompanied by light projections in Paris, France
CAPC, Musée d’art contemporain de Bordeaux, Bordeaux, accompanied by light projections in Arcachon and Bordeaux, France
Neue Nationalgalerie, Berlin, accompanied by light projections in Berlin, Germany

2000
Galeria Luisa Strina, São Paulo, Brazil
Fundacion Proa, Buenos Aires, accompanied by light projections in Buenos Aires, Argentina

1999
"Jenny Holzer: Proteja–Me do Que Eu Quero," Centro Cultural Banco do Brasil, Rio de Janeiro, accompanied by light projections in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
"Jenny Holzer: The Living Series," Galerie Rüdiger Schöttle, Munich, Germany
"Jenny Holzer: Blue," Rhona Hoffman Gallery, Chicago, Illinois

1998
"Jenny Holzer: Blue," Galerie Yvon Lambert, Paris, France
"Jenny Holzer: Blue," Monika Sprüth Galerie, Cologne, Germany
"Blue," Instituto Cultural Itaú, São Paulo, Brazil

1997
"Jenny Holzer: Lustmord," Contemporary Arts Museum, Houston, Texas
Jenny Holzer: Lustmord," Kunstmuseum des Kantons Thurgau, Kartause Ittingen, Warth, Switzerland

1996
"Jenny Holzer: From the Laments Series," 1989, Williams College Museum of Art, Williamstown, Massachusetts

1995
"Lustmord," Monika Sprüth Galerie, Cologne, Germany

1994
"Jenny Holzer, Art Tower Mito," Contemporary Art Center, Mito, traveled to Art Gallery Atrium, Fukuoka, Japan
"Lustmord," Barbara Gladstone Gallery, New York, New York
"Jenny Holzer: The Venice Installation, from the Collection of Mort and Marlene Meyerson," Dallas Museum of Art, Dallas, Texas

1993
"Da Wo Frauen Sterben, Bin Ich Hellwach," Haus der Kunst, Munich, Germany
"Street Art: Jenny Holzer," Centre for Contemporary Art, Ujazdowski Castle, Warsaw, Russia
"Jenny Holzer,' Ydessa Hendeles Art Foundation, Toronto, Canada

1990
"XLIV Biennale di Venezia, Esposizione Internazionale d’Arte Moderna,' United States Pavilion, Venice, Italy. Traveled to Städtische Kunsthalle, Düsseldorf, Germany; Louisiana Museum, Humlebaek, Denmark; Albright–Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, New York; and Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, Minnesota
Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, New York

1989
"Jenny Holzer: Laments 1988–89," Dia Art Foundation, New York
Ydessa Hendeles Art Foundation, Toronto, Canada

1988
"Jenny Holzer: Signs/Under a Rock," Institute of Contemporary Arts, London, United Kingdom
"Jenny Holzer: Signs and Benches," Brooklyn Museum of Art, Brooklyn, New York
Hoffman Borman Gallery, Santa Monica, California

1987
"Jenny Holzer: Under a Rock," Rhona Hoffman Gallery, Chicago, Illinois
"Jenny Holzer: Signs," Des Moines Art Center, Des Moines, Iowa. Traveled to Aspen Art Museum, Aspen, Colorado; Artspace, San Francisco, California; Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago, Illinois; and List Visual Arts Center at the MIT, Cambridge, Massachusetts
"Options 30," Jenny Holzer, San Francisco, California

1986
"Under a Rock," Barbara Gladstone Gallery, New York, New York
Galerie Crousel–Hussenot, Paris, France
Monika Sprüth Galerie, Cologne, Germany

1985
"Concentrations 10: Jenny Holzer," Dallas Museum of Art, Dallas, Texas

1984
"Jenny Holzer und Barbara Kruger," Kunsthalle Basel, Basel, Switzerland
"Jenny Holzer: Truisms and Inflammatory Essays," Amelie A. Wallace Gallery, State University of New York College at Old Westbury, Old Westbury, New York
Galerie’t Venster–Jenny Holzer–Lady Pink, Rotterdam Kunststichting, Rotterdam, The Netherlands

1983
Barbara Gladstone Gallery, New York
"Investigations 3: Jenny Holzer," Institute of Contemporary Art, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia

1982
"Plaques for Buildings: Thirty Texts from the Living Series, Cast in Bronze by Jenny Holzer and Peter Nadin," Barbara Gladstone Gallery, New York
"Jenny Holzer–Peter Nadin: Living," Galerie Chantal Crousel, Paris, France

1981
"Living (with Peter Nadin)," Le Nouveau Musée, Villeurbanne, France
"Eating Friends (with Peter Nadin)," Artists Space, New York
"Living (with Peter Nadin)," Galerie Rüdiger Schöttle, Munich, Germany

1979
"Printed Matter Windows," Printed Matter, New York
'Fashion Moda Window," Fashion Moda, New York

1978
Franklin Furnace, New York
"Jenny Holzer Painted Room: Special Project PS1," MoMA PS1, Long Island City, New York

Selected Light Projections
2011
For Krakow, Wawel Royal Castle, Krakow, Poland

2010
For Frankfurt, Alte Nikolaikirche and Römer Römberg; Dreikönigskirche; Literaturhaus; St. Katharinenkirche; Portikus, Germany

2009
For Prague, National Museum, Prague, Czech Republic
For Siena, sms contemporanea, Siena, Italy

2008
Projection for Chicago, Museum of Contemporary Art; Lyric Opera; Tribune Tower; Merchandise Mart, Chicago, Illinois
For the Guggenheim, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, permanent installation

2007
For the Capital, projected from the Kennedy Center onto the Potomac River and Roosevelt Island, Washington, D.C.
For Toronto, Drake Hotel; waterfront silos; MaRS Building, Toronto, Canada
For the Academy, American Academy in Rome and the Fontana dell-Acqua Paola; Piazza Tevere; Teatro di Marcello; Castel Sant’Angelo, Italy
For Busan, Gwangalli Beach, Busan, South Korea
For Milan, Hangar Bicocca; Piazza della Scala; Castello Sforzesco; Stazione Centrale, Milan, Italy
For San Diego, Museum of Contemporary Art, San Diego, and Santa Fe Depot; MCASD La Jolla; Scripps Pier; San Diego Museum of Art, California
For Naples, Piazza del Plebiscito, Naples, Italy

2006
For RISD (Rhode Island School of Design, Providence, Rhode Island), 15 Westminster Street, RISD; Providence City Hall
For Singapore, City Hall, Singapore
For Vienna, Rathaus; Präsidentschaftskanzlei; Parlament; Staatsoper; Stock-im-Eisen-Platz; Obere Donaustrasse; MAK Depot of Contemporary Art (CAT); Österreichische Nationalbibliothek; Vienna Airport Tower, Austria
For London, London City Hall; St. Paul’s Church; Senate House; Barbican Centre; Somerset House, United Kingdom
For Dublin, Dublin Castle, Gate Theatre; Liffey River and Clarence Hotel; Mansion House; Trinity College and Bank of Ireland; General Post Office, Ireland

2005
For the City (New York), Rockefeller Center; Bobst Library; The New York Public Library, New York City

2004
Xenon for Miami, Miami Freedom Tour, Miami Florida
Xenon for D.C., 1515 14th Streets Arts Building; Gelman Library, George Washington University, Washington D.C.
For New York City, Cathedral Church of St. John the Divine; Bethesda Fountain; Greenwich Street; Hotel Pennsylvania; The Cooper Union, New York
Xenon for Bregenz (Bregenz, Austria), Kunsthaus Bregenz; Feldkirch Schattenburg; Hohenems Steinbruch; Vermunt Stausee; Alte Pfarrkirche zum heiligen Nikolaus, Lech; Kanisfluh; Bregenzer Festspiele, Austria
Xenon for Torino (Torino, Italy), Teatro Carignano (2003); Piazza Castello (2005 and 2006), Italy

2003
Xenon for the Peggy Guggenheim, Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Venice, Italy
Xenon for Cannes, Palais de Festival and Le Port et le Suguet, France
Xenon for Liverpool, Tate Liverpool, United Kingdom

2001
Xenon for Paris, Pyramide du Louvre; Colonnade du Louvre; Seine and Pont-Neuf (despuis Le Pont des Arts); Eglise Saint-Eustache; Panthéon, Paris, France
Xenon for Monterrey (Monterrey, Mexico), Museo de Arte Contemporaneo de Monterrey; Oficinas e Parque; Biblioteca Magna Raul Rangel Frias; La Huasteca; Loma Larga, Mexico
Xenon for Bordeaux, Dune du Pyla; Porte Caillau; Place du Palais; Place de Parlement; Cinéma Utopia; Place Camille Jullian; Saint Michel; Opéra de Bordeaux; Place de la Victoire; Garonne, quais des Chartones; Cinéma Utopia, France
Xenon for Berlin, Neue Nationalgalerie; Matthäikirche, Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin (Kulturforum) and Kammersmusiksaal der Philharmonie; Bundeskanzleramt (Neubau) and Museumshöfe; Berliner Rathaus and Altes Museum; Grand Hyatt Berlin and Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin; Pergamonmuseum and Bodemuseum; DG-Bank, DaimlerChrysler Services AG and Jüdisches Museum, Germany

2000
Xenon for BALTIC, BALTIC Centre for Contemporary Art; Caste Keep; Tuxedo Princess, United Kingdom
Xenon for Buenos Aires, Planeterio de la Cuidad de Buenos Aires Galileo-Galilei and Parque de Palermo; Centro Cultural Recoleta; Facultad de Derecho de la Universidad de Buenos Aires; La Boca and Fundación Proa, Teatro Colón, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Xenon for Olso and Lillehammer, Museet for Samtidskunst; Oslo Radhus; Universitetet i Olso; Nordster and Lysgaardsbakkene, Norway

1999
Xenon for Venice, Fondazione Cini, Venice, Italy
Xenon for Rio de Janeiro, Centro Cultural Banco de Brasil; Pão de Açucar, Arpoador Beach and Leme Beach; Rio de Janerio, Brazil

1998
Xenon for Rome, Spanish Steps, Rome, Italy

1996
Xenon for Florence, Arno riverbank and facing buildings, Florence, Italy

SELECTED PUBLICATIONS
Catalogues
2008
Jenny Holzer: Protect Protect. Ostfildern, Germany: Hatje Cantz Verlag. Text by Joan Simon, Elizabeth A. T. Smith, and Benjamin H. D. Buchloh.
2006
Jenny Holzer: Redaction Paintings. New York, NY: Cheim & Read Gallery. Text by Robert Storr.
2004
Jenny Holzer: Truth Before Power. Bregenz, Austria: Kunsthaus Bregenz. Text by Maurice Berger, Thomas Blanton, Sherman Kent, and Eckhard Schneider.
2001
Jenny Holzer. Bordeaux: capcMusée d’art contemporain de Bordeaux. Text by Marie-Laure Bernadac.
Jenny Holzer: Monterrey, 2001. Monterrey, Mexico: Museo de Arte Contemporáneo de Monterrey, 2001. Text by Vanesa Fernández and Marco Granados. Introduction by Michael Auping.
Jenny Holzer–Neue Nationalgalerie Berlin. Berlin: The American Academy Berlin and Nationalgalerie Berlin, 2001. Text by Henri Cole and Angela Schneider.
1996
Jenny Holzer, Lustmord. Thurgau, Swtizerland: Kunstmuseum des Kantons Thurgau. Text by Beatrix Ruf, Yvonne Volkart, Markus Landert, and Noemi Smolik.
1990
Jenny Holzer: The Venice Installation. Buffalo, New York: Albright-Knox Gallery. Text by Michael Auping.
1989
Jenny Holzer. New York: The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum and Harry N. Abrams, Inc. Text by Diane Waldeman. Second edition, New York: The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, 1997. German edition, Stuttgart: Cantz Verlag, 1997.

MONOGRAPHS
2001
Peter Schjeldahl, Beatrix Ruf, and Joan Simon. Jenny Holzer: Xenon. Küsnacht, Switzerland: Inktree Editions.
1998
David Joselit, Joan Simon, and Renata Salecl. Jenny Holzer. London: Phaidon Press Ltd.
1996
Noemi Smolik, ed. Jenny Holzer: Writing, Schriften. Stuttgart: Cantz Verlag.
1993
Wilfried Dickhoff and Noemi Smolik. Kunst Heute No. 9: Holzer. Cologne: Kiepenheuer und Witsch.
1992
Michael Auping. Jenny Holzer. New York: Universe Publishing.

ART'S CONTRIBUTIONS TO PERIODICALS
2002
“After the Towers: Nine Artists Imagine a Memorial” (with Calvin Tomkins). New Yorker, July 15, 2002: 59–67.
1993
“Lustmord.” Süddeutsche Zeitung Magazin, Nov. 19, 1993: 1–31.