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Barbara Kruger

Barbara Kruger, <i>Untitled (You are seduced by the sex appeal of the inorganic)</i>, 1981
Black & white photograph
49 x 60 inches (124.5 x 152.4 cm)
Barbara Kruger, Untitled (You are seduced by the sex appeal of the inorganic), 1981
Black & white photograph
49 x 60 inches (124.5 x 152.4 cm)
Barbara Kruger, <i>Untitled (Put your money where your mouth is)</i>, 1984
Black and white photograph
73 x 41 inches (185.4 x 104.1 cm)
Barbara Kruger, Untitled (Put your money where your mouth is), 1984
Black and white photograph
73 x 41 inches (185.4 x 104.1 cm)
Barbara Kruger, <i>Untitled (In space no one can hear you scream)</i>, 1987
Silkscreen on vinyl
109.84 x 180.71 inches (279 x 459 cm)
Barbara Kruger, Untitled (In space no one can hear you scream), 1987
Silkscreen on vinyl
109.84 x 180.71 inches (279 x 459 cm)
Barbara Kruger, <i>Untitled (Your Moments of Joy Have..)</i>, 1980
Black & white photograph
37 x 50 inches (94 x 127 cm)
Barbara Kruger, Untitled (Your Moments of Joy Have..), 1980
Black & white photograph
37 x 50 inches (94 x 127 cm)
Barbara Kruger, <i>Untitled (Business as usual)</i>, 1987
Black and white photograph
49 x 60 inches (124.5 x 152.4 cm)
Barbara Kruger, Untitled (Business as usual), 1987
Black and white photograph
49 x 60 inches (124.5 x 152.4 cm)
Barbara Kruger, <i>Untitled (You are getting what you paid for)</i>, 1984
Black and white photograph
73 x 41 inches (185.4 x 104.1 cm)
Barbara Kruger, Untitled (You are getting what you paid for), 1984
Black and white photograph
73 x 41 inches (185.4 x 104.1 cm)

Biography

Barbara Kruger
(Born 1945)

Barbara Kruger was born in Newark, New Jersey in 1945. She graduated from Parson’s School of Design in New York City in 1966 and began developing her distinguished, well-known style in the late 1970s. Kruger's early career in graphic design and advertising, as well as her love of poetry, form the basis of her photograph and text-based works which take advantage of traditional iconography and slogans to make incisive commentary against pervading social stereotypes and consumerist culture. Through her work, Kruger explores these themes and the powerful role of mass-media in the perpetuation and establishment of social norms, particularly in regard to women and their place in society. When overlapped in Kruger’s works, previously unrelated images and slogans take on new dimension and meaning. They transmit a surprisingly different tone than the one propagated in mainstream media and question issues of consumerism, feminism, desire and individuality. Kruger’s intense compositions, usually in a limited palette of black, white and red, take on multiple mediums including posters, electronic signboards, billboards and unframed photographs.

Barbara Kruger has exhibited extensively throughout the United States and Europe. Recent solo exhibitions of her work have been held in institutions such as the Moderna Museet in Stockholm in 2008, the Museum of Contemporary Art in San Diego, California in 2005, and the Whitney Museum of American Art in New York in 2000. She has also participated in exhibitions in major institutions such as the Centre Pompidou in Paris, the Metropolitan Muesum of Art in New York, and the Museum of Contemporary Art in Los Angeles, California. Kruger has participated in several Whitney Biennials, and her work has been featured in multiple publications. Barbara Kruger lives in New York and Los Angeles.

SELECTED SOLO EXHIBITIONS
2016
In the Tower: Barbara Kruger, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.
Barbara Kruger: Empatía, Metro Bellas Artes, Mexico City, Mexico
Barbara Kruger: Untitled (Blind Idealism Is...), The High Line, New York

2015
Early Works, Skarstedt, London, United Kingdom

2014
Modern Art Oxford, United Kingdom

2013
Believe + Doubt,Kunsthaus Bregenz, Bregenz, Austria
Questions, Arbeiterkammer Wien, Vienna, Austria
Creation Mondiale, "Reflections/La Dance Project,” Théâtre du Châtelet, Paris, France

2012
Belief + Doubt, Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington, D.C.

2011
L & M Arts Los Angeles, Venice, California
The Globe Shrinks, Sprüth Magers, Berlin, Germany
Edition 46: Barbara Kruger, Pinakothek der Moderne, Munich, Germany

2010
Plenty, Guild Hall Museum, East Hampton, New York
The Globe Shrinks, Mary Boone Gallery, New York
Circus, Schirn Kunsthalle, Frankfurt, Germany

2009
Sprüth Magers, London, United Kingdom
Between Being Born and Dying, Lever House, New York
Barbara Kruger: Pre-digital 1980-1992, Skarstedt Gallery, New York
Paste Up, Sprüth Magers, Berlin, Germany

2008
Moderna Museet, Stockholm, Sweden

2007
Picture/Readings' 1978, Mary Boone Gallery, New York

2006
Kestnergesellschaft, Hannover, Germany

2005
Museum of Contemporary Art San Diego, San Diego, California
Australian Center for Contemporary Art, Melbourne, Australia
Tramway, Glasgow, Scotland
Gallery of Modern Art, Glasgow, Scotland

2004
Mary Boone Gallery, New York
Twelve, Mary Boone Gallery, New York

2003
Sprüth Magers Lee, London, United Kingdom

2002
Palazzo delle Papesse - Centro Arte Contemporanea, Siena, Italy

2001
South London Gallery, London, United Kingdom

2000
Whitney Museum of American Art, New York

1999
Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, California
Galerie Yvon Lambert, Paris, France

1998
Parrish Art Museum, Southampton, New York

1997
18 Wooster Street/Deitch Projects, New York
Mary Boone Gallery, New York

1996
Museum of Modern Art at Heide, Melbourne, Australia

1994
Mary Boone Gallery, New York

1992
Magasin, Centre National d'Art Contemporain, Grenoble, France

1991
Mary Boone Gallery, New York

1990
Kolnischer Kunstverein, Cologne, Germany
Duke University Museum of Art, Durham, North Carolina

1989
Mary Boone Gallery, New York

1988
National Art Gallery, Wellington, New Zealand

1987
Mary Boone Gallery, New York

1986
Krannert Art Museum, University of Illinois, Champaign, Illinois
University Art Museum, University of California, Berkeley, California

1985
Contemporary Arts Museum, Houston, Texas
Wadsworth Atheneum, Hartford, Connecticut
Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, California

1984
Crousel/Hussenot Galerie, Paris, France
Nouveau Musee, Lyon, France
Kunsthalle Basel, Basel, Switzerland

1983
Institute of Contemporary Art, London, United Kingdom

1980
MoMA PS1, Long Island City, New York


SELECTED GROUP EXHIBITIONS
2016
Portraits, Skarstedt, New York
Under Arms. Fire & Forget 2, Museum Angewandte Kunst, Frankfurt, Germany
More Than Words: Jenny Holzer, Barbara Kruger, The Westport Arts Center, Westport Connecticut
Jenny Holzer, Barbara Kruger, Louise Lawler, Cindy Sherman, Rosemarie Trockel, Sprüth Magers, Los Angeles, California

2015
Jenny Holzer, Barbara Kruger, Louise Lawler, Cindy Sherman, Rosemarie Trockel, Sprüth Magers, Berlin, Germany
Fire and Foreget: On Violence, KW Institute of Contemporary Art, Berlin, Germany
Cannibalism? On Appropriation in Art, Zacheta National Gallery, Warsaw, Poland
NO MAN’S LAND: Women Artists from the Rubell Family Collection , Rubell Family Collection, Miami, Florida
The Great Mother , Fondazione Nicola Trussardi, Milan, Italy
Remain in Light: Photography from the MCA Collections , Hawkesburg Regional Gallery, Australia
America Is Hard to See , Whitney Museum, New York

2014
No Problem: Cologne/New York 1984–1989, David Zwirner, New York
Pop Departures, Seattle Art Museum, Seattle, Washington.
Urban Theater: New York in the 1980s, Modern Art Museum of Fort Worth, Fort Worth, Texas
Take It or Leave It: Institution, Image, Ideology, Hammer Museum, Los Angeles, California.
Diane von Furstenberg: Journey of a Dress, Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Wilshire May Company Building, Los Angeles, California
Remain in Light: Photography from the MCA Collections, Ipswich Art Gallery, Australia. Traveled to Maitland Regional Art Gallery, Australia; Bendigo Art Gallery, Australia; Artspace Mackay, Australia; Hawkesbury Regional Gallery, Australia.
19th Biennale of Sydney, Sydney, Australia
Under Pressure, Missoula Art Museum, Missoula, Montana

2013
Zeichen. Sprace. Bilder – Schrift in der Kunstt Seit den 1960er Jahren, Städtische Galerie, Karlsruhe, Germany
Not Yet Titled, Museum Ludwig Köln, Cologne, Germany
WWTBD – What Would Thomas Bernhard Do? Kunsthalle Wien Museumsquartier, Vienna, Austria
All You Need is Love, Mori Art Museum, Tokyo, Japan
Homebodies, Museum of Contemporary Art Chicago, Chicago, Illinois

DLA Piper Series: Constellations, Tate Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom

Regarding Warhol: Sixty Artists, Fifty Years, The Andy Warhol Museum, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Light My Fire, Art Gallery of Ontario, Canada
Inccontri, Schauwerk, Sindelfingen, Germany

2012
Color Bind: the MCA Collection in Black and White, Museum of Contemporary Art Chicago, Chicago, Illinois

Now’s the Time: Recent Acquisitions, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York

Visual Conversations: Selections from the Collection, Fisher Landau Center for Art, Long Island City, New York
Re-Opening Exhibition, Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Regarding Warhol: Sixty Artists, Fifty Years, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

This Will Have Been: Art, Love & Politics in the 1980s, Institute of Contemporary Art, Boston, Massachusetts

This Will Have Been: Art, Love & Politics in the 1980s, Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, Minnesota

Beyond Imagination, Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
ARTandPRESS Kunst. Wahrheit. Wirklichkeit, ZKM Zentrum für Kunst und Medientechnologie, Karlsruhe, Germany
Art and press Kunst. Wahreit. Wirklichkeit, Martin Gropius Bau, Berlin, Germany
Bye Bye American Pie, MALBA – Museo de Art Latinoamericano, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Domination, Hegemony and the Panopticon Works from the Farook Collection, Traffic, Dubai, United Arab Emirates

2011
That’s The Way We Do It. The Techniques and Aesthetic of Appropriation, Kunsthaus Bregenz, Bregenz, Austria
Unsettled: Photography and Politics in Contemporary Art, Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
No Substitute, Glenstone, Potomac, Maryland
The Deconstructive Impulse: Women Artists Reconfigure the Signs of Power, 1973-1992, Nasher Museum of Art at Duke University, Durham, North Carolina
The Deconstructive Impulse: Women Artists Reconfigure the Signs of Power, 1973-1992, Neuberger Museum of Art, Purchase College, State University of New York, Purchase, New York
September 11, MoMA PS1, New York
American Exuberance, Rubell Family Collections, Contemporary Arts Foundation, Miami, Florida
Sympathy for the Devil, Vanhaerents Art Collection, Brussels, Belgium
Tales of the City: Art Fund International and the Goma Collection, Gallery of Modern Art, Glasgow, Scotland

2010
America: Now and Here, cross-country traveling exhibition
Pictures by Women: A History of Modern Photography, The Museum of Modern Art, New York
PQ: 100, The Center for Photography at Woodstock, Woodstock, New York
Your History is Not Our History, Haunch of Venison, New York
In the Vernacular, The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois

2009
Beg Borrow and Steal, Rubell Family Collection, Miami, Florida
Collection: MOCA’s First Thirty Years, The Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, California
Dress Codes: The Third ICP Triennial of Photography and Video, International Center of Photography, New York
Strait-Jacket, Ydessa Hendeles Art Foundation, Toronto, Canada
elles@centrepompidou, Musée national d’art moderne, Centre Pompidou, Paris, France
A Tribute to Ron Warren, Mary Boone Gallery, New York
WALL ROCKETS: Contemporary Artists and Ed Ruscha, Albright- Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, New York
The Pictures Generation, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
Silent Writings, Espace Louis Vuitton, Paris, France
You will never wake up from this beautiful dream, Vanmoerkerke Collection, Oostende, Belgium

2008
Burning Down the House: Building a Feminist Art Collection, Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art, Brooklyn Museum, Brooklyn, New York
WALL ROCKETS: Contemporary Artists and Ed Ruscha, FLAG Art Foundation, New York
People ‘Weekly, The Amie and Tony James Gallery, The Graduate Center, The City University of New York, New York
Book/Shelf, Museum of Modern Art, New York
Here and Now, Regina Gallery, Moscow, Russia
Ringling Retro: Modern and Contemporary Art, The Ringling Museum of Art, Sarasota, Florida
Women in the City, a West of Rome project, Los Angeles, California

2007
Multiplex: Directions in Art, 1970 to Now, The Museum of Modern Art, New York
Panic Attack! Art in the Punk Years, Barbican Art Gallery, London, United Kingdom
Dangerous Beauty, Chelsea Art Museum, New York

2006
Belief, Singapore Biennial, Singapore
New York, New York: Fifty Years of Art, Architecture, Photography, Film and Video, Grimaldi Forum, Monaco
Full House: Views of the Whitney's Collection at 75, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York
Where Are We Going? Selections from the François Pinault Collection, Palazzo Grassi, Venice, Italy
A Short History of Performance – Part IV,Whitechapel Art Gallery, London, United Kingdom

2005
Miradas y Conceptos en la Collección Helga de Alvear, Museo Extremeño e Iberoamericano de Arte Contemporáneo, Badajoz, Spain.
American Matrix: Contemporary Directions for the Harn Museum Collection, Samuel P. Harn Museum of Art, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida
The Experience of Art, Italian Pavilion, La 51 Biennale di Venezia, Venice, Italy
Inside Out Loud: Visualizing Women's Health in Contemporary Art, Mildred Lane Kemper Art Museum, Washington University in Saint Louis, Saint Louis, Missouri

2004
White: Whiteness and Race in Contemporary Art,International Center of Photography, New York
Perspectives @25: A Quarter Century of New Art in Houston, Contemporary Arts Museum, Houston, Texas
North Fork/South Fork: East End Art Now/Part II, Parrish Art Museum, Southampton, New York
Flowers, Mary Boone Gallery, New York

2003
Me & More, Kunstmuseum Luzern, Lucerne, Switzerland

2002
Shopping, Schirn Kunsthalle, Frankfurt, Germany
Sans Commune Mesure, Musee des Beaux-Arts, Lille, France

2000
Around 1984: A Look at Art in the Eighties, MoMA PS1, Long Island City, New York

1999
The American Century: Art and Culture 1950-2000, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York

1998
Read My Lips: Jenny Holzer, Barbara Kruger, Cindy Sherman, National Gallery of Australia, Canberra, Australia

1996
Thinking Print: Books to Billboards, 1980-95, The Museum of Modern Art, New York

1995
Passions Privees, Musee d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, Paris, France

1994
Wall to Wall, Serpentine Gallery, London, United Kingdom

1993
Image Makers, Nassau County Museum of Art, Roslyn Harbor, New York.

1992
More Than One Photography: Works Since 1980 From the Collection, The Museum of Modern Art, New York

1991
Devil on the Stairs: Looking Back on the Eighties, Institute of Contemporary Art, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

1990
Art et Publicite, Musee National d'Art Moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France
The Decade Show, Museum of Contemporary Hispanic Art/The New Museum of Contemporary Art/The Studio Museum in Harlem, New York

1989
Image World: Art and Media Culture, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York
Magiciens de la Terre, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France
A Forest of Signs: Art in the Crisis of Representation, The Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, California
Bilderstreit, Rheinhalle, Koln, West Germany

1988
Biennial of Sydney, Sydney, Australia

1987
Documenta 8, Museum Fridericianum, Kassel, West Germany
L'epoque, la mode, la morale, la passion, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France

1987
Biennial Exhibition, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York

1986
Barbara Kruger and Jenny Holzer, The Israel Museum, Jerusalem, Israel
An American Renaissance: Painting and Sculpture from 1940 to the Present, Museum of Art, Fort Lauderdale, Florida
Painting and Sculpture Today: 1986, Indianapolis Museum of Art, Indianapolis, Indiana.

1985
Biennial Exhibition, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York

1984
Sexuality and Representation, Institute of Contemporary Art, London, United Kingdom

1983
Times Square Spectochrome Sign, New York
1983 Biennial Exhibition, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York
Currents, Institute of Contemporary Art, Boston, Massachusetts

1982
Image Scavengers, Institute of Contemporary Art, Boston, Massachusetts
La Biennale di Venezia, Venice, Italy
Documenta 7, Museum Fridericianum, Kassel, West Germany

1981
Nineteen Emerging Artists, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York

PUBLIC PROJECTS

2011
Untitled (Be here now), Op Ed page, THE NEW YORK TIMES, 5 June 2011, p. WK8.

2010
Circus, site-specific installation for the Rotunda, Schirn Kunsthalle, Frankfurt, Germany
Cover, W MAGAZINE, The Art Issue, November 2010
Whitney on Site: New Commissions Downtown, outdoor installation at the future site of The Whitney Museum of American Art, Gansevoort and Washington Streets, New York
Untitled (It), Façade installation for the Art Gallery of Ontario, Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Canada
Map for the London Tube, London Underground stations, London, United Kingdom

2008
Cover, NEW YORK MAGAZINE, 24 March 2008
Another, Price Center, wall installation at The Stuart Collection at the University of California, San Diego, San Diego, California
Untitled (Shafted), installation at the Broad Contemporary Art Museum at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, California
Video billboards for Women in the City, a West of Rome project, Los Angeles, California.

2006
Exhibition design and graphic identity for Consider This… exhibition at Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, California

2004
Cover, ART US, January-February 2004

2003
Façade banners, subway posters, billboards and bus wraps for Selfridges Department Stores, London, Manchester, Birmingham, United Kingdom

2002
Kuahof department store façade banners, Frankfurt, Germany

2000
Banner billboards at Eighth Avenue/42 Street and Washington Street/West Side Highway, co-produced by the Public Art Fund and the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, July 2000

1997
New York City/Queens Transit Line bus wrap, Public Art Fund, New York, November 1997

1995
Design for outdoor theater, North Carolina Museum of Art, Raleigh, North Carolina (collaboration with Smith-Miller & Hawkinson and Nicholas Quennell)

1994
Design for train station, Strasbourg, France
Editorial feature, HARPER'S BAZAAR, February 1994

1993
Billboards, products and radio spots, Women's Work Project on Domestic Violence, Liz Claiborne, Inc., Boston, Massachusetts and Miami, Florida

1992
Billboards and bus shelters, Women's Work Project on Domestic Violence, Liz Claiborne, Inc., San Francisco, California
Billboard, bus shelter and bus placard project, Portland Art Museum, Portland,
Oregon
Cover and editorial spread, NEWSWEEK, 8 June 1992
Cover and essay, ESQUIRE, May 1992
Poster project, Magasin, Centre National d'Art Contemporain, Grenoble, France

1991
Billboard project, Von-der-Heydt-Museum, Wuppertal-Elberfeld, Germany
Bus shelter posters, Public Art Fund, New York

1990
Exterior wall project, Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, California

1989
Billboard project, Public Art Fund, Manhattan and Queens, New York

1988
Picturing Greatness, exhibition curated and designed for The Museum of Modern Art, New York

1986
Billboard project, Art Angel, London, United Kingdom